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October 30, 2023

Methods of Strings Class in Java

Methods of Strings Class in Java

Meta description: Check this guide on essential String class methods in Java. Read efficient techniques for manipulating, transforming, and validating strings.

Introduction to String Class in Java: Exploring Essential Methods

In Java programming, the String class stands as a fundamental pillar. Strings, essentially sequences of characters, are the base of numerous applications, enabling developers to handle textual data effectively. Understanding the methods within the String class is paramount for any Java programmer. Join the exploration of Java programming as it delves into the core methods of the String class. One can uncover the functionalities and real-world applications, enhancing their understanding of Java programming.

What are Methods?

Methods in Java are functions that perform specific tasks. The String class, being an integral part of Java, boasts a plethora of methods tailored to handle strings efficiently. These methods enable developers to manipulate strings, extract information, and transform data according to their programming needs. Let's go through some of the key methods of the String class.

How to Use a String Class Method?

Creating a String object in Java is an easy process. One can declare a String variable and assign a string literal to it:

Once a String object is obtained, its methods can be utilized by invoking them on the object. For instance, the length() method can be considered:

In this example, the length() method calculates the number of characters in the string and assigns it to the length variable, which is then printed to the console.

Methods of String Class in Java

1. charAt(int index):

This method returns the character located at the specified index within the string. It is incredibly useful for extracting specific characters from a string.


2. equalsIgnoreCase(String anotherString):

This method compares two strings irrespective of their case. It returns true if the strings are equal, ignoring case considerations; otherwise, it returns false.


3. indexOf(String str):

The indexOf() method returns the index of the first occurrence of the specified substring within the string. If the substring is not found, it returns -1.


4. length():

This simple yet vital method returns the length of the string, i.e., the number of characters in the string.


5. replace(CharSequence target, CharSequence replacement):

This method replaces all occurrences of the specified target sequence with the specified replacement sequence.


6. substring(int beginIndex, int endIndex):

The substring() method returns a new string that is a substring of the original string. The substring begins at the specified beginIndex and extends to the character at the index endIndex - 1.


7. toLowerCase() and toUpperCase():

These methods return new strings with all characters converted to lowercase or uppercase, respectively.


8. trim():

The trim() method removes leading and trailing white spaces from the string.


9. contains(CharSequence sequence):

This method checks if the string contains the specified sequence of characters. It returns true if found; otherwise, it returns false.


10. startsWith(String prefix) and endsWith(String suffix):

These methods check if the string starts with the specified prefix or ends with the specified suffix. They return true if the condition is met; otherwise, they return false.


11. getBytes():

The getBytes() method encodes the string into a sequence of bytes using the platform's default charset and returns the resulting byte array.


12. getChars(int srcBegin, int srcEnd, char[] dst, int dstBegin):

This method copies characters from the string into an array of characters.


13. isEmpty():

The isEmpty() method checks if the string is empty (contains no characters). It returns true if the string is empty; otherwise, it returns false.


14. join(CharSequence delimiter, CharSequence... elements):

The join() method joins the elements of an iterable using the specified delimiter.


15. format(Locale locale, String format, Object... args):

The format() method formats a string using the specified format string and arguments.


These methods, among others, provide developers with a robust toolkit to handle strings effectively in Java programming. Whether it's searching for substrings, transforming cases, or checking for specific characters, the String class methods cater to a wide array of scenarios.

16. subSequence(int start, int end):

The subSequence() method returns a new character sequence that is a subsequence of this sequence.

17. hashcode():

The hashCode() method returns the hash code for the string. Hash codes are essential for efficient storage and retrieval in hash-based data structures.

18. toString():

The toString() method returns a string representation of the object. In the case of String class, it returns the string itself.

19. valueOf():

The valueOf() method converts different types of data, such as int, char, boolean, etc., to strings.

20. concat(String str):

The concat() method appends the specified string to the end of this string. It is effectively the same as using the + operator.

These methods are just a few examples depicting the versatility of the String class in Java. By understanding these methods and their applications, developers can manipulate, transform, and validate strings effectively in various scenarios.


Mastering the methods of the String class in Java is fundamental for any developer aiming to create robust and efficient applications. The diverse array of methods available provides a powerful toolkit for handling strings in various ways, from basic manipulations to complex transformations.

When it comes to Java programming, developers can handle a wide range of problems if they fully understand the String class methods. These methods are necessary for making sure that user input is correct, working with large datasets, and making interfaces that are easy for people to use.

As developers venture further into the world of Java, they should remember that the methods of the String class are their allies. By incorporating them into their coding arsenal, they elevate their ability to create elegant, functional, and high-performing Java applications. So, they should dive in, experiment, and harness the power of strings in Java to build the next generation of innovative software solutions.

We at Cogent University aim to bridge the technical gap in the technologies that tend to rule the market, by training the developers. Do visit the website of Cogent University and read the interesting topics published out there. Happy coding!

What’s a Rich Text element?

The rich text element allows you to create and format headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, images, and video all in one place instead of having to add and format them individually. Just double-click and easily create content.

Static and dynamic content editing

A rich text element can be used with static or dynamic content. For static content, just drop it into any page and begin editing. For dynamic content, add a rich text field to any collection and then connect a rich text element to that field in the settings panel. Voila!

How to customize formatting for each rich text

Headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, figures, images, and figure captions can all be styled after a class is added to the rich text element using the "When inside of" nested selector system.

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